Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 32°N - 3°N
Africa: Nile River and lakes once connected to the Nile system (Ref. 2801, 2959); Chad, Niger, Senegal, Volta, Ouémé and Ogun river basins (Ref. 2940, 81282); coastal rivers (Sassandra, Bandama, Niouniourou, Comoé and Tano) of Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana, west of the Volta basin. Following subspecies are recognized: Labeobarbus bynni bynni; Labeobarbus bynni occidentalis and Labeobarbus bynni waldroni.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 82.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2801)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. Diagnosis: last simple dorsal-fin ray forming ossified spine longer than head in specimens over 150 mm SL. B. bynni occidentalis: scale formula 5.5/26-31/4.5-5.5; 2.5-3 scales between lateral line and middle of belly, behind pelvic-fin origin; 12 scales around caudal peduncle; 9 dorsal fin branched rays; 3-5/12-15 gill rakers on first gill arch (Ref. 2940, 81282). B. bynni waldroni: scale formula 4.5/24-28/4.5; 2.5 scales between lateral line and middle of belly, behind pelvic-fin origin; 12 scales around caudal peduncle; 9-10 dorsal fin branched rays; pectoral fin with 1 spine and 14-16 soft rays; 3-6/14-17 gill rakers on first gill arch (Ref. 2940, 81282).
Feed on crustaceans, insects, mollusks and organic debris. In the Jebel Aulia Reservoir, annual spawning coincides with the onset of the floods. Fecundity estimates ranged from 72 x 1,000 at 33 cm (4 yrs.) to over 14 x 10,000 at 74 cm (8 yrs).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lévêque, C. and J. Daget, 1984. Cyprinidae. p. 217-342. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 2801)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00432 - 0.02113), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 4.2 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.26).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .