Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Antennariidae
(Frogfishes) > Antennariinae
Etymology: Antennatus: From Latin, antenna, antemna = sensory organ, that has got antennae (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 73 m (Ref. 6773), usually 0 - 10 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical; 25°N - 35°S, 29°E - 140°W (Ref. 57379)
Indo-Pacific: East Africa (but apparently absent north of the Chagos Archipelago) to the Philippines and the Moluccas and eastward to island groups of the Pacific Plate.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 54980)
soft rays: 7 - 8. Illicium slightly longer than 2nd dorsal spine tapering to a non-filamentous simple tentacle that lacks an esca. Lacks a groove between the upper jaw and base of the illicium. Distinctive color pattern in which there is a broad dark band and marginal dark bands on the anal and caudal fins.
Benthic species (Ref. 58302, 75154) found in inshore coral reef (Ref. 75154). The average depth for all known captures was 11.2 m. Individuals maintained in experimental aquaria change in color from dark gray to light cream within 2 weeks. Oviparous. Eggs are bound in ribbon-like sheath or mass of gelatinous mucus called 'egg raft' or 'veil' (Ref. 6773). Solitary and sometimes among hard coral branches (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous. Eggs are bound in ribbon-like sheath or mass of gelatinous mucus called 'egg raft' or 'veil' (Ref. 6773).
Pietsch, T.W. and D.B. Grobecker, 1987. Frogfishes of the world. Systematics, zoogeography, and behavioral ecology. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. 420 p. (Ref. 6773)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Poisonous to eat
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25 - 29.3, mean 28.2 °C (based on 2427 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Fec assumed to be > 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 86.8 [43.6, 174.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.635 [0.330, 1.242] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.1 [16.5, 22.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.179 [0.064, 0.438] g/100g ; Selenium = 18.1 [6.8, 43.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 567 [135, 2,381] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.21 [0.68, 2.11] mg/100g (wet weight);