Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gonorynchiformes
(Milkfishes) > Kneriidae
(Shellears) > Kneriinae
Etymology: .kissi: Dedicated to the collector of the type specimens, R. Kiss, hydrobiologist of the IRSAC at Lwiro (RDC) (Ref. 89134) More on author: Poll.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Africa: Hombo River (Luhoho River tributary, upper Lowa system, Lualaba drainage) in Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 89134).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 89134)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9. Diagnosis: head length 4.9-5.2 times in SL; body height 6.3-9.3 times in SL; snout wide, flat and rounded, its length 2.4-2.9 times in HL; eye lateral, its diameter 5.9-8.1 times in HL, 1.7-2.7 times in interorbital distance, 2.1-3.3 times in snout length; dorsal fin origin 1.1-1.2 times further from snout than from caudal fin origin, its first rays slightly in front of pelvic fin origin; anal fin base 2.0-2.4 times further from pelvic fin origin than from caudal fin origin; pectoral fins short, with 17-18 soft rays, its length 4.8-5.3 times in SL; pelvic fins 6.6-7.5 times in SL, 1.3-1.5 times in HL; caudal peduncle depth 1.5-1.7 times in its length; 88-93 scales on lateral line (Ref. 89134).
Maximum TL was recorded at 11.5 cm (Ref. 89134).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Poll, M., 1984. Kneriidae. p. 129-133. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3565)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .