Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gonorynchiformes
(Milkfishes) > Kneriidae
(Shellears) > Kneriinae
Etymology: Kneria: From Kner, that studied fishes in the Imperial Museum of Vienna, with Jean Natterer (1817) (Ref. 45335). More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Africa: only known from the Lubumbashi River (Luapula River tributary, upper Congo River basin) in Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 2970, 42540, 45616, 46251).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.8 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9. Diagnosis: body depth 6.5-7 times in TL; head length 5-5.5 times in TL; head 2-2.5 times longer than wide (Ref. 42540, 46251). Head depth equals head width (Ref. 46251). Eye perfectly lateral, 3-3.25 times in head length (Ref. 42540, 46251). Interorbital width 2/5 of head length (Ref. 46251). Dorsal fin origin above pelvic fin origin (Ref. 42540, 46251), at equal distance from anterior border or center of eye and caudal fin (Ref. 46251). Anal fin equidistant from pelvic and caudal fin origin; pectoral fin length 2/3 of head length; caudal fin lobes pointed; caudal peduncle 2 times longer than deep; scales very small (Ref. 46251). Body yellowish, back with small black dots; lateral line with black lateral band from middle of body to caudal peduncle (Ref. 42540, 46251).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Poll, M., 1984. Kneriidae. p. 129-133. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3565)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .