Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangaria/misc
(Various families in series Carangaria) > Centropomidae
Etymology: Centropomus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Jordan & Gilbert.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic. Tropical; 25°N - 4°N
Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to northern Colombia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 37.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95327); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); max. published weight: 626.00 g (Ref. 124487)
Body elongate and somewhat compressed; dorsal profile slightly concave above the eyes; lateral line extending to posterior edge of caudal fin; second anal spine, when folded down, reaching or surpassing origin of caudal fin; pectoral and pelvic fins sub-equal; first gill arch with 26 to 31 gill rakers; back blue gray; belly white; lateral line pale; membranes between dorsal spines and between second and third anal spines pale (Ref. 55763).
Adults are found mainly in estuaries but also enter freshwater to an elevation of 50 m. Diet consists primarily of fish, crustaceans and mollusks (Ref. 36880).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bussing, W.A., 1995. Centropomidae. Róbalos. p. 987-995. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9284)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 24 - 28.6, mean 27.5 °C (based on 26 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00599 - 0.00918), b=3.06 (3.01 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.59 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 252 [138, 443] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.93 [1.12, 3.37] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [16.2, 20.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.628 [0.230, 1.720] g/100g ; Selenium = 53.4 [23.5, 119.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 14.5 [5.2, 37.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.67 [1.17, 2.39] mg/100g (wet weight);