Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 183 - 188 m (Ref. 93085), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Northwest Pacific: Japan and Taiwan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3132)
soft rays: 19. This species is distinguished by the following characters: upper body with 5 vertical transverse bars, each extending laterally to lower two-thirds of body; D V, 23, with the spines becoming progressively longer posteriorly, and the last spine entirely connected to first dorsal-fin ray by membrane; A 1,19; entire body covered by ctenoid scales, except for those on chest; predorsal scales extending forward to vertical from preopercle; generally 4 pairs of canine teeth anteriorly in lower jaw; 2 rows of stout palatine teeth, those on outer row larger than inner; vomer with triangular patch of stout teeth; pelvic fin when appressed not reaching anus (Ref. 90385).
Inhabits trawling grounds.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ho, H.-C. and J.W. Johnson, 2013. Redescription of Parapercis macrophthalma (Pietschmann, 1911) and description of a new species of Parapercis (Pisces: Pinguipedidae) from Taiwan. Zootaxa 3620(2):273-282. (Ref. 93085)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00284 - 0.01403), b=3.10 (2.92 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .