";} } ?> Chromis fumea, Smokey chromis

Chromis fumea (Tanaka, 1917)

Smokey chromis
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Chromis fumea   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Chromis fumea (Smokey chromis)
Chromis fumea
Picture by Eric Keung@114°E Hong Kong Reef Fish Survey

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc (Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae (Damselfishes) > Chrominae
Etymology: Chromis: Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Tanaka.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 3 - 30 m (Ref. 125611). Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: restricted to Japan and Taiwan, with vagrants ranging southward to Malaysia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 125611)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 13 - 14; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11-12; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 9 - 10. This species is distinguished by the following set of characters: D XIII-XIV,11-12 (usually 12); A II,9-10 (usually 10); pectoral-fin rays 18-20 (usually 19); pelvic-fin rays I,5; caudal-fin rays principal 15, branched 13; procurrent spiniform caudal-fin rays 2; tubed lateral-line scales 16-19 (usually 18-19); gill rakers 7-11 + 18-23, total rakers 26-33 (usually 26-29) (Ref. 125611).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit lagoon and seaward coral and rocky reefs (Ref. 9710). Prefer habitat consisting of boulder substrates or mixed rock, rubble, and sand, at depths between about 3 and 30 m (Ref. 125611). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding; eggs demersal and adhere to the substrate, and males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Diurnal species (Ref. 54980; 113699).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Allen, Gerald R. | Collaborators

Allen, G.R. and M.G. Allen, 2021. Two new species of Chromis (Teleostei: Pomacentridae) from northwestern Australia and the southwestern Pacific Ocean, previously part of C. fumea (Tanaka, 1917). J. Ocean Sci.Foundation 38:78-103. (Ref. 125611)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 17 November 2010

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

More information

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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201): 18.8 - 28.8, mean 27.2 °C (based on 636 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00571 - 0.02773), b=3.03 (2.84 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 95 [54, 186] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.92 [0.57, 1.46] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [17.8, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.183 [0.110, 0.298] g/100g ; Selenium = 25 [13, 49] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 219 [86, 556] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.56 [1.07, 2.27] mg/100g (wet weight);