Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Alepocephaliformes
(Slickheads and tubeshoulders.) > Alepocephalidae
Etymology: Einara: After Einar Lönnberg, Swedish zoologist; 1865-1924.
More on author: Alcock.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 700 - 2000 m (Ref. 4460). Deep-water; 45°N - 13°N, 180°W - 180°E
Eastern Atlantic: isolated records between Morocco and Madeira Island and south-west of Azores Island. Western Atlantic: off George's Bank. Elsewhere, Indian Ocean and eastern and western Pacific.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4460)
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Markle, D.F. and J.-C. Quéro, 1984. Alepocephalidae (including Bathylaconidae, Bathyprionidae). p. 228-253. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4736)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 3.4 - 4.1, mean 3.6 °C (based on 23 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00347 (0.00162 - 0.00740), b=3.19 (3.00 - 3.38), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax>3).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .