Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Smiliogastrinae
Etymology: Enteromius: Greek, enteron = intestine + Greek, myo, mys = muscle (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 6.0; dH range: 5 - 12. Tropical; 20°C - 26°C (Ref. 2060); 11°S - 21°S
Africa: Cunene, Okavango (Ref. 52193), upper and middle Zambezi River systems including the Kafue (Ref. 52193, 95585). Present in the upper Kasai (Ref. 45616) and in the upper Congo River basin in the middle and upper Luapula system (Ref. 41590), including the Luongo River (Ref. 27609), and in the Bangweulu swamps (Ref. 42135). Also known from Lake Kariba (Ref. 27602).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7248)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Colouration: A series of 10-15 black vertical bars on body (Ref. 122753).
Prefers well-oxygenated but vegetated waters such as floodplain river channels and permanent lagoons. Shy, emerging in subdued light, most active in early morning and late afternoon (Ref. 7248). Feeds on worms, crustaceans, insects and plant matter (Ref. 7020). Migrates during rainy season (Ref. 13337).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Spawning occurs in thick plantation.
Skelton, P.H., 1993. A complete guide to the freshwater fishes of southern Africa. Southern Book Publishers. 388 p. (Ref. 7248)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00600 - 0.02409), b=2.95 (2.78 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.34 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .