Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Smiliogastrinae
Etymology: Puntius: Lantin, punctum = point, the point of the sword (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Hamilton.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.0 - 6.5; dH range: 8 - 15; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 20°C - 25°C (Ref. 2059)
Asia: Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Myanmar (Ref. 41236). Reported from Bhutan (Ref. 40882).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6028); common length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6028)
soft rays: 8. Body deep and compressed; single maxillary pair of barbels present; last simple dorsal ray moderately strong and smooth; lateral line complete with 24-28 scales; scales from dorsal fin origin to lateral line 6 and those from lateral line to pelvic fin origin 4; predorsal scales 11, circumpeduncular scales 14, pre-pelvic scales 11, pre-anal scales 19 (Ref. 57399).
Inhabits streams, rivers, canals, beels, haors, ponds and inundated fields. Occurs mainly in shallow water (Ref. 6028). Feeds on worms, crustaceans, insects and plant matter (Ref. 7020).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. vol 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 541 p. (Ref. 4832)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00903 - 0.01601), b=3.02 (2.97 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.1 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 1.1 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=1.00-1.10).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 674 [277, 1,338] mg/100g ; Iron = 3.78 [2.21, 6.56] mg/100g ; Protein = 18 [17, 19] % ; Omega3 = 0.268 [0.106, 0.700] g/100g ; Selenium = 39.8 [12.2, 117.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 46.4 [19.8, 111.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 4.21 [2.77, 6.39] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.