Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acropomatiformes
(Oceanic basses) > Epigonidae
Etymology: Epigonus: Greek, epi = over, in front + Greek, gonio = angle (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Goode & Bean.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 200 - 600 m (Ref. 4329), usually 300 - 500 m (Ref. 7321). Deep-water; 37°N - 35°S
Western Atlantic: New Jersey, USA (Ref. 31632) and the northern Gulf of Mexico to northeastern South America (Ref. 9626). Eastern Atlantic: Gulf of Guinea to Agulhas Bank.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 115012); max. published weight: 172.30 g (Ref. 115012)
soft rays: 9. Membranous edge at the upper border of the gill cover is absent or poorly developed. No opercular spines. Caudal peduncle is short, body is deep (Ref. 31632). Specimens less than 8 cm SL with a dark band on peduncle at caudal base and a thin black ring on central part of peduncle (disappears in specimens greater than 11 cm SL) (Ref. 4329).
A mesobenthic-pelagic species living mainly above the bottom (Ref. 31632). Found on the continental slope (Ref. 7321).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gon, O., 1986. Apogonidae. p. 546-561. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4329)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of potential interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 8.3 - 16.7, mean 11.5 °C (based on 122 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00360 - 0.01458), b=3.12 (2.93 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .