Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Africa: endemic to Lake Bermin, Cameroon (Ref. 52307, 81260).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81260)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 15 - 16;
soft rays: 7 - 8. Diagnosis: lower pharyngeal jaw robust, with a large, non-heart-shaped dentigerous plate, covered with stout, sparsely arrayed teeth; oral dentition coarse (Ref. 81260). 10-15 (Ref. 26738) stout bicuspids oral teeth in outer row (Ref. 26738, 81260). Anterior rakers not markedly reduced in size; snout small and projecting (Ref. 81260). Lips hypertrophied; ventral margin of lower lip folded and fringed (Ref. 26738, 81260). Breeding coloration: base body color pale yellow on dorsum and bright reddish-pink along venter and snout, cheek, chin, chest and operculum a brighter red(Ref. 26738).
Clearly prefers plant material, but also accepts detritus, sponges and phytoplankton (Ref. 52307). Pair-bonding (Ref. 52307), open (Ref. 52307) substrate brooder/spawner (Ref. 52307, 81260). Prefers to spawn in pits or shallow cavities in submerged wood; clusters of eggs fairly small in size, containing about 30 eggs; female usually guards the eggs while the male defends the territory (Ref. 52307).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Dunz, A.R. and U.K. Schliewen, 2013. Molecular phylogeny and revised classification of the haplotilapiine cichlid fishes formerly referred to as "Tilapia". Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 68(1):64-80. (Ref. 93285)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00674 - 0.03099), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .