Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Triglidae
(Searobins) > Pterygotriglinae
Etymology: Pterygotrigla: Greek, pterigion, diminutive of pteryx = wing, fin + Greek, trigla, es = red mullet (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 500 m (Ref. 9771). Deep-water
Indo-West Pacific: from Japan southward through the South China Sea, Indonesia, and northwestern Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559)
(total): 7 - 9;
soft rays: 11 - 12. This species is distinguished by having the following characters: absence of scales on the nape, prepectoral area, breast, or interpelvic area; long and strong cleithral spine (16-29 % SL), P1 12+3; a slight indication of possible hyperostosis of the first infraorbital bone and cleithral spine (Ref. 91768).
A rare (Ref. 9771), benthic (Ref. 75154) species that inhabits continental shelves and insular areas.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Richards, W.J. and T. Yato, 2012. The tropical species of the subgenus Pterygotrigla (Pisces: Triglidae: Pterygotrigla) with description of a new species. Zootaxa 3484:53-64. (Ref. 91768)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13.5 - 26.8, mean 20.7 °C (based on 592 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00404 - 0.02714), b=3.05 (2.83 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .