Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osmeriformes
(Smelts) > Salangidae
(Icefishes or noodlefishes)
Etymology: Neosalanx: Greek, neos = new + latinization of salamga, Philippines, a kind of swallow (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; anadromous (Ref. 51243). Temperate; 33°N - 32°N (Ref. 26213)
Asia: Ariake Sea, Kyushu Island, Japan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. )
Morphology | Morphometrics
Inhabits the tidal areas of the rivers above the salt front, 16-20 km upstream from the river mouth and sometimes found in areas with low seawater concentrations (Ref. 37303). Planktivorous fish. Feed on calanoid copepod, Sinocalanus sinensis which is the most dominant prey item; cyclopoids, Daphniasp. and decapod mysid (Ref. 57041).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
Endangered (EN) (B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)+2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)); Date assessed: 08 December 2017
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00229 (0.00103 - 0.00512), b=3.09 (2.90 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.20 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .