Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cepolidae
Etymology: Acanthocepola: Greek, akantha = thorn + Latin, cepulla, cepa = onion. More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 10 - 40 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical; 31°N - 29°S, 47°E - 155°E
Indo-West Pacific: Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman to the Indo-Malayan region and Gulf of Carpentaria.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11441)
Recognized by the slender body, red color and yellow spots or bars on sides (Ref. 48635).
Occurs in muddy habitats, usually in large colonies, each individual with its own burrow. Rises high above the substrate in schools to feed when plankton drifts over, typically in vertical posture (Ref. 48635).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kailola, P.J., 1987. The fishes of Papua New Guinea: a revised and annotated checklist. Vol. II Scorpaenidae to Callionymidae. Research Bulletin No. 41, Research Section, Dept. of Fisheries and Marine Resources, Papua New Guinea. (Ref. 6192)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.6 - 29.1, mean 28.3 °C (based on 674 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00339 (0.00185 - 0.00620), b=2.85 (2.68 - 3.02), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .