Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenidae
(Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Enchelycore: Greek, enchelys, = eel + Greek, kore = pupil (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Jordan & Snyder.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 5 - 24 m (Ref. 5227). Tropical
Northwest Pacific: Taiwan and southern Japan. Southeast Pacific: Galapagos Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 90.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11114)
Lives in rocky, boulder strewn areas and walls. Lurks in holes, crevices and dark recesses. Constantly opens and closes it mouth, an action required for respiration, not a threat (Ref. 5227). Despite its large size, this fish is not consumed as food (Ref. 28023).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Chen, H.-M., K.-T. Shao and C.T. Chen, 1994. A review of the muraenid eels (Family Muraenidae) from Taiwan with descriptions of twelve new records. Zool. Stud. 33(1):44-64. (Ref. 6934)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 18.5 - 27, mean 23.6 °C (based on 273 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00049 (0.00029 - 0.00083), b=3.24 (3.10 - 3.38), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.80 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (58 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 31.5 [17.5, 55.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.441 [0.250, 0.752] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.7 [17.4, 22.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.138 [0.064, 0.372] g/100g ; Selenium = 47.7 [24.6, 87.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 124 [36, 411] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.779 [0.541, 1.099] mg/100g (wet weight);