Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangaria/misc
(Various families in series Carangaria) > Centropomidae
Etymology: Centropomus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Poey.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; amphidromous (Ref. 51243); depth range ? - 22 m (Ref. 26912). Subtropical; 25°N - 23°S, 98°W - 34°W
Western Atlantic: southern Florida (USA), Greater and Lesser Antilles, and continental Caribbean coasts of Central and South America southward extending to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 36.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217); max. published weight: 1.0 kg (Ref. 5217)
(total): 8 - 9;
soft rays: 6. 2nd spine of anal fin greatly enlarged; body yellowish brown dorsally, silver laterally and ventrally; lateral line dusky; pectoral and pelvic fins yellow, other fins dusky (Ref. 13608).
Inhabits coastal waters, estuaries and lagoons, penetrating into freshwater; usually prefers very low brackish water or freshwater. Found over soft bottoms (Ref. 5217). Feeds on small fishes (Engraulidae, Clupeidae, etc.) and crustaceans (mainly shrimps) (Ref. 35237).
Juveniles in mangrove areas and irrigation canals.
Fraser, T.H., 1978. Centropomidae. In W. Fischer (ed.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. West Atlantic (Fishing Area 31). FAO, Rome. Vol. 1-2. pag.var. (Ref. 3713)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 26.8 - 28.3, mean 27.5 °C (based on 517 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00724 (0.00431 - 0.01217), b=3.09 (2.95 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.62 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=3-4; Fec=80,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 108 [58, 201] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.2 [0.7, 2.2] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [16.1, 20.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.795 [0.300, 2.125] g/100g ; Selenium = 23.6 [10.7, 60.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 43 [14, 129] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.19 [0.79, 1.83] mg/100g (wet weight);