Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anabantiformes
(Gouramies, snakeheads) > Anabantidae
Etymology: Sandelia: Greek, sandalion, -ou = a kind of fish related to a sandal (shoe) (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Castelnau.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.8 - 8.0; dH range: 10 - 30. Subtropical; 18°C - 22°C (Ref. 2060); 31°S - 33°S
Africa: Kowie, Great Fish, Buffalo, Keiskamma and Nahoon River systems, southeast Cape, South Africa.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 6.4, range 6 - 6.9 cm
Max length : 26.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7248); max. published weight: 130.00 g (Ref. 7248)
Facultative air-breathing (Ref. 126274); Found in rocky streams, favoring marginal habitats where the current is slow. Preys on insects, crabs and small fish. Is preyed upon by introduced predators such as bass and sharptooth catfish. Breeds in summer. Males guard the eggs and larvae which are found on the substrate (Ref. 41595). Upon hatching, larvae adhered permanently to the substrate at the nesting site (Ref. 41595).
Male prepares the spawning site and guards the eggs. Substrate spawners (Ref. 41595). Upon hatching, larvae adhered permanently to the substrate at the nesting site where they were guarded by the male (Ref. 41595).
Gosse, J.-P., 1986. Anabantidae. p. 402-414. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6803)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01820 (0.00765 - 0.04328), b=2.98 (2.78 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.59 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 5.9 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100).