Morphology Data of Xenotoca doadrioi
Identification keys
Abnormalities
Main Ref. Domínguez-Domínguez, O., D.M. Bernal-Zuñiga and K.R. Piller, 2016
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance always different morphology between mature adults
Different colors always different colors between mature adults
Remarks Coloration varies with respect to the age and sex.

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth superior
Type of scales
Diagnosis

Xenotoca doadrioi differs from other congeners of the Xenotoca eiseni group and other Xenotoca species occurring in the Pacific Coast drainages by the combination of the following characters (none unique to the species): females with 14 dorsal rays (vs. 15 or 16 in X. melanosoma and 13 in X. lyonsi), 14 anal fin rays (vs. 5 or 16 in X. melanosoma), 12 pectoral fin rays (vs. 13 in Xenotoca eiseni), 8 caudal peduncle scales (vs. 9 in Xenotoca eiseni and X. melanosoma), 32 scales in a lateral series (vs. 31 in Xenotoca lyonsi), and 10 suparorbital pores (vs. 9 in Xenotoca eiseni and X. lyonsi). Females of X. doadrioi have large caudal peduncle (standard length/end of the anal fin-hypural plate distance = 3.8, vs. 4.1-4.2 in X. eiseni and X. lyonsi) and SL/end of dorsal fin-hypural plate distance = 3.6 (vs. 3.9-4.2 in X. eiseni and X. lyonsi), large eye (Head length/Eye Diameter = 3, vs. 3.5-3.7 in X. eiseni and X. lyonsi). Males possess 14 dorsal rays (vs. 15 or 16 in X. melanosoma and 13 in X. lyonsi), 14 anal fin rays (vs. 15 or 16 in X. melanosoma), 12 pectoral rays (vs. 13 in Xenotoca eiseni), 8 caudal peduncle scales (vs. 9 in Xenotoca eiseni and X. melanosoma), 11 transversal scales (vs. 9 in X. lyonsi), 32 scales in a lateral series (vs. 31 in Xenotoca lyonsi) and 10 suprorbital pores (vs. 9 in Xenotoca eiseni and X. lyonsi). It has a smaller head (Head Length/Head High = 1.4, vs. 1.1-1.2 in Xenotoca eiseni and X. lyonsi), the body is less high (Standard Length/pelvic-pectoral fin distance = 4.7 vs. 4-4.4 in Xenotoca eiseni and X. lyonsi) and large caudal peduncle (Standard length/ end of the anal fin-hypural plate distance = 3.8 vs. 4-4.2 in Xenotoca eiseni and X. lyonsi), and standard length /end of dorsal fin-hypural plate distance 3.8 (vs. 4.1-4.3 in Xenotoca eiseni and X. lyonsi) (Ref. 117630).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Xenotoca doadrioi

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series 30 - 33
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle 8 - 8
Barbels
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total
Vertebrae
preanal
total

Fins

Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Ventral  
Spines total
Soft-rays total 12 - 14
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes more or less truncate

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total 13 - 15

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Spines     
Soft-rays   11 - 13
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  before origin of D1
Spines     
Soft-rays   
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Torres, Armi G.
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