Morphology Data of Vanmanenia microcephala
Identification keys
Main Ref. Li, X., W. Zhou and X.-J. Che, 2019
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral
Cross section circular
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This species is distinguished among the barred group in Vanmanenia by the following set of characters: lateral side of the body with 14-22 vermiculations, the widths smaller than the diameter of the eye (vs. 10-15 regular bars with widths equal to the diameter of the eye in V. tetraloba); dorsal side of head covered with a large black blotch (vs. several short dark brown vermiculations in V. striata, V. tetraloba); gill opening smaller, its upper angle level with the lower edge of the eye (vs. opening larger and its upper angle aligned with the middle point of the eye in V. crassicauda, V. serrilineata, V. striata, V. tetraloba); dorsal part of the body with 4-6 black saddles (vs. 7-9 in V. striata); patch of the caudal-fin base dissociated, not connected to the upper and lower margin of the caudal peduncle (vs. connected in V. tetraloba); head smaller, its depth 45.2-47.1% HL (vs. head larger, depth 48.1-60.0% HL in V. striata, V. tetraloba) (Ref. 120400).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Vanmanenia microcephala

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily
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