Morphology Data of Solenostomus armatus
Identification keys
Main Ref. Orr, J.W. and R.A. Fritzsche, 1993
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs other
Different appearance always different morphology between mature adults
Different colors males alike females
Remarks Females have pelvic fins modified into brood pouch (Ref. 9829).

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features strking shape of body
Body shape lateral other
Cross section flattened
Dorsal head profile more or less straight
Type of eyes more or less normal
Type of mouth/snout tube-like
Position of mouth terminal
Type of scales bony plates or armour

Total number of body plates is 33-35. Color and color patterns highly variable: most specimens in dark-color phase with dark red background overlaid with reticulated yellow to orange blotches; some in light-color phase of yellow to beige with few spots of darker pigment on body. Two large black spots present between first and third dorsal-fin spines (Ref. 9829). Long caudal peduncle and elongated caudal fin (Ref. 48635).

Description: Characterized by depth of body 15.7-19.0 % SL; least snout depth 3.9-4.3 % SL; depth of caudal peduncle 2.9-3.7 % SL; length of caudal peduncle13.8-17.6 % SL; length of caudal fin 46-52 % SL (Ref. 90102).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Solenostomus armatus

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 0 - 0
Pored lateral line scales 0 - 0
Scales in lateral series 0 - 0
Scale rows above lateral line 0 - 0
Scale rows below lateral line 0 - 0
Scales around caudal peduncle 0 - 0
Barbels 0
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
preanal 19 - 19
total 32 - 33


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 2
Finlets No. Dorsal   0 - 0
Ventral  0 - 0
Spines total 5 - 5
Soft-rays total 20 - 22
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes pointed; more or less normal

Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 0 - 0
Soft-rays total 20 - 22

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Spines     0
Soft-rays   24 - 25
Pelvics Attributes  other (see diagnosis)
Position    thoracic  before origin of D1
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita
Modified by Valdestamon, Roxanne Rei
Checked by Fritzsche, Ronald A.
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