Morphology Data of Rhinobatos penggali
Identification keys
Main Ref. Last, P.R., W.T. White and Fahmi, 2006
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales placoid scales

This species is distinguished by the following set of adult characters: disc broadly wedge-shaped, width 36-37% TL, length less than 1.3 (1.20-1.27) times width; snout moderately elongate, length 3-3.2 times interspiracular distance, 4-4.5 times interorbital width; orbit medium-sized, 1.4-1.6 times spiracle length; nostrils weakly oblique, length 1.3-1.4 times internarial distance; preoral length 6.9-7.1 times internarial distance; anterior nasal flaps penetrating slightly into internarial space, well separated at their insertion; posterior nasal flaps broad; two spiracular folds, outermost fold about twice height of inner fold; ridges of rostral cartilage almost parallel, converging slightly anteriorly, not constricted medially; anterior cartilage narrow, subtruncate to bilobed posteriorly; distance between fifth gill slits 2.6-3 times in ventral head length; prebranchial sensory pore patch distinct, extending to first gill slit; postscapular sensory canal obscure, exposed lateral pores absent, not grooved; thorn patches on supraorbit, scapular region, dorsal midline, small but distinct; pelvic-fin inner margin slightly shorter than its base; interdorsal distance more than 2.5 (2.7-2.9) times first dorsal-fin base; dorsal caudal margin 2.1-2.6 times preventral margin; upper teeth in 75-83 rows; post-synarcual centra 166-170; nasal lamellae more than 50 (53-57); dorsal fin obviously bicolored; dorsal disc with white spots (sometimes faint) (Ref. 72461).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Rhinobatos penggali

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily
Modified by Bailly, Nicolas
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cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17