Morphology Data of Petrocephalus microphthalmus
Identification keys
Main Ref. Lavoué, S., J.P. Sullivan and M.E. Arnegard, 2010
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales cycloid scales

Petrocephalus microphthalmus is distinguished from all other Petrocephalus species in Central Africa by the following combination of characteristics: short dorsal fin with only 18 or fewer branched rays, long anal fin with 23-27 branched rays, eye small (HL/ED=4,1-4,8), mouth moderately wide, only 9-11 teeth in the upper jaw, 14-20 teeth in the lower jaw, no more than 10 scales between the anterior base of the anal fin and the lateral line (Ref. 52344, 85331). Absence of black pigment patches, except for a characteristic black blotch on the anterior dorsal fin rays near the origin of this fin; body silvery/purplish, iridescent (Ref. 85331).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Petrocephalus microphthalmus

Lateral Lines 1 Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 33 - 36
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line 8 - 10
Scales around caudal peduncle 12 - 12
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total 18 - 21
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked; more or less normal

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total 25 - 29

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  before origin of D1
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Sa-a, Pascualita
Modified by Bailly, Nicolas
Checked by Busson, Frédéric
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