Morphology Data of Parupeneus orientalis
Identification keys
Main Ref. Randall, J.E., 2004
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales ctenoid scales

Diagnosis: Pectoral rays 16-17 (three of four with 16). Gill rakers 7-8 + 27-29 (total 35-37). Body depth 2.95-3.3 in SL; head length (HL) 2.7-2.95 in SL; snout length 1.7-1.75 in HL; barbel length 1.45-1.7 in HL; third dorsal spine longest, 1.55-2.0 in HL; penultimate dorsal ray at most 1.1 in length of last dorsal ray; pectoral-fin length 1.4-1.5 in HL; pelvic-fin length 1.35-1.55 in HL. Body in life with a broad white stripe just above lateral line, bordered dorsally by a series of close-set black spots along uppermost row of scales; side of body below lateral line light brown with five large square blackish bars (each scale in bars with a black spot), the last anteriorly on caudal peduncle continuing dorsally across white stripe; head bluish gray dorsally with transverse rows of black spots on nape and interorbital; fins dusky to reddish (Ref. 54393).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Parupeneus orientalis

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb 27 - 29
on upper limb 7 - 8
total 35 - 37
total 24 - 24


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number 2
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 8 - 8
Soft-rays total 9 - 9
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total 7 - 7

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Spines     0
Soft-rays   16 - 17
Pelvics Attributes  
Spines     1
Soft-rays   5 - 5
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily
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