Morphology Data of Parupeneus biaculeatus
Identification keys
Main Ref. Randall, J.E., 2004
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Diagnosis: Pectoral rays 14-16 (usually 15, rarely 14). Gill rakers 5-7 + 20-23 (total 26-30). Body depth 3.1-3.5 in SL; head length 2.5-3.2 in SL; snout length 1.85-2.3 in HL; barbel length 1.3-1.6 in HL; third dorsal spine longest 1.15-1.8 in HL; pectoral fins 1.3-1.45 in HL; pelvic fins 1.3-1.45 in HL. Body reddish brown dorsally, white to pink ventrally with two parallel dark red to dark yellowish brown stripes on body, converging on head at base of upper lip, the uppermost passing through eye, stripes separated by a white or pink band, the lower stripe bordered below by white or pink, the upper bordered above by a yellow and white band or a light red band; a dark red to black spot within upper red or yellowish brown stripe behind eye; a faint saddle-like orangish to yellowish spot may be present anteriorly on caudal peduncle, followed by a saddle-like dusky red spot; barbels; fins pale red to pink, the tip of upper caudal lobe whitish to pale pink (Ref. 54393).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Parupeneus biaculeatus

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number 2
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 8 - 8
Soft-rays total 9 - 9
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked; more or less normal

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total 1 - 1
Soft-rays total 7 - 7

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Soft-rays   14 - 16
Pelvics Attributes  
Spines     1
Soft-rays   5 - 5
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Torres, Armi G.
Modified by Capuli, Estelita Emily
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