Morphology Data of Pareiorhina carrancas
Identification keys
Main Ref. Bockman, F.A. and A.C. Ribeiro, 2003
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Distinguished from its only congener Pareiorhina rudolphi by the following characters: anterior profile of head elliptical in dorsal view; snout sloping abruptly towards its tip in lateral profile; ventral border of rostral region and dorsal border of upper lip covered with odontodes; anterior ends of premaxillae and dentaries strongly sloped inwards; lower lip moderately developed and well separated from anterior margin of pectoral girdle; lower lip with a smooth, unpapillose band just behind the toothed portions of dentaries, which is especially conspicuous just behind the symphysis; anterior regions of roof and floor of mouth immediately behind premaxillae and dentaries, respectively, covered with rounded papillae; interorbital width 36.6-39.4% HL; postdorsal surface of trunk with a low, elongate ridge formed by 10-13 raised median unpaired plates; posteriormost 2-3 median plates without sensory pores of lateral line; inferior surfaces of first pectoral, pelvic and anal-fin rays covered by conspicuously pointed odontodes; and lower counts of body plates (25-27 dorsal plates; 17-22 mid-dorsal plates; 25-27 median plates; 18-20 mid-ventral plates; and 19-23 ventral plates) (Ref. 52873).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Pareiorhina carrancas

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Torres, Armi G.
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