Morphology Data of Paedocypris carbunculus
Identification keys
Main Ref. Britz, R. and M. Kottelat, 2008
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors
Remarks Presence of short dorsal precaudal larval fin fold and long ventral precaudal larval finfold in both sexes. Males have prepelvic pad while females have persisting preanal larval fin fold (Ref. 78740).

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Distinguished from other members of the genus Paedocypris by the shape of the head blotches. Can be differentiated further from Paedocypris micromegethes by the possession of the following characters: middorsal stripe with chromatophores in three rows (vs. in a single row); head kidney pigment (vs. absence); well developed opercular, subopercular, preopercular and branchiostegal rows, and isthmus gular pigmentation (vs. absence or consisting of only a few chromatophores); chest spots (vs. absence); chest blotch well developed (vs. poorly developed or absent); and preanal larval fin fold in adult females (vs. absence). Can be separated further from Paedocypris progenetica by the presence of median row of the middorsal stripe formed by separated individual chromatophores (vs. chromatophores forming an uninterrupted line) and sparse pigmentation on the upper and lower lips (vs. heavy pigmented lips appearing uniformly black) (Ref. 78740).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Paedocypris carbunculus

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
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