Morphology Data of Hime japonica
Identification keys
Main Ref. Gomon, M.F., C.D. Struthers and A.L. Stewart, 2013
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral elongated
Cross section compressed
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This species is distinguished by the following characters: D 16, rarely 15; A 10, rarely 9; pectoral fin rays 11, rarely 12; vertebrae41-43; total gill rakers 20 or 21, rarely 19 or 22; lateral line scales 42-43, rarely 41; pyloric caeca 11; in males, dorsal fin is large anteriorly, the membranes deeply incised but none of the rays are filamentous, third or fourth rays longest, reaching 25.7% SL, decreasing in length to middle of fin with posterior rays progressively longer, reaching 19.5% SL, its posterior lobe reaching to or past adipose n origin; in females, anterior end o fin lower, with membranes deeply incised and rays decreasing in length to middle of fin, lengths of subsequent rays subequal, posterior lobe reaching little more than half way to adipose fin; anal fin in males is relatively deep with posterior lobe approaching hypural crease in large individuals, smaller in females with posterior lobe reaching little more than half way to hypural crease; Males have prominent, large orange to red blotch or markings anteriorly and yellow spots posteriorly in dorsal fin, 3 broad bands on side with wide dark brown margins dorsally, wide yellow stripes on each lobe of caudal fin and white pelvic and anal fins the pelvic somewhat orange basally and anal with broad yellow stripe on basal half; females have orange to red spots scattered on dorsal fin, similar but less defined pattern on side, caudal fine with mottled yellow to orange pattern, similar pelvic fin but no yellow on anal fin (Ref. 94775j).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Hime japonica

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 41 - 43
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total 19 - 22
total 41 - 43


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total 15 - 16
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total 9 - 10

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Soft-rays   11 - 12
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily
Modified by Capuli, Estelita Emily
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