Morphology Data of Enteromius prionacanthus
Identification keys
Main Ref. De Weirdt, D., A. Getahun, S. Tshibwabwa and G.G. Teugels, 2007
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs no special organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features none
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section
Dorsal head profile more or less straight
Type of eyes more or less normal
Type of mouth/snout more or less normal
Position of mouth sub-terminal/inferior
Type of scales

Diagnosis: mouth subterminal or slightly inferior; two pairs of barbels, anterior pair 1.0-1.2 and posterior pair 1.1-1.4x eye diameter; lateral line complete; 25-29 scales in lateral line; 4.5 scales between lateral line and origin of dorsal fin; 11-12 scales around caudal peduncle; dorsal fin with concave border, last simple ray strongly ossified and serrated on posterior side; large dark stripe on sides; base of first rays of dorsal fin without black spot; dorsal fin colorless (Ref. 81639).

Description: medium-sized species; lips only feebly developed; scales with divergent striae; 4.5 scales between lateral line and mid-belly; 2.5-3 scales between lateral line and pelvic fin insertion; D:III-IV,7-8; A:III,5; P:15-16; V:8; dorsal fin with concave border, last simple ray longer than head (Ref. 81639).

Coloration: ground color more or less dark brown dorsally an on flanks; abdomen bright pale yellow; opercle with golden brown spot; black band from tip of snout to caudal fin base; fins pale yellow-orange; first dorsal rays dark grey or nearly black; distal part of pectoral, anal and caudal fins dark grey (Ref. 81639).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Enteromius prionacanthus

Lateral Lines 1 Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 25 - 29
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line 4 - 4
Scale rows below lateral line 4.5 - 4.5
Scales around caudal peduncle 11 - 12
Barbels 4
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb 5 - 6
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 1 - 1
Soft-rays total 9 - 11
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked; more or less normal

Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total
Soft-rays total 8 - 8

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Soft-rays   15 - 16
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal
Soft-rays   8 - 8
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Geelhand, Dimitri
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cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17