Morphology Data of Enteromius devosi
Identification keys
Main Ref. Banyankimbona, G., E. Vreven and J. Snoeks, 2012
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Diagnosis: 'Barbus' devosi belongs to the 'B.' eutaenia / 'B.' miolepis species-complex, because of its ossified and serrated last unbranched dorsal-fin ray and a live colour pattern including orange fins and a black mid-lateral stripe (Ref. 92865). It differs from the allopatric members of the complex by the following unique combination of characters: more gill rakers on the ceratobranchial of the first gill arch, 6-9 vs. 2-5 for 'B.' eutaenia and 'B.' miolepis; shorter anterior barbel, 11-19% of head length vs. 20-35% for 'B.' eutaenia and 20-37% for 'B.' miolepis; shorter posterior barbel, 15-27% of head length vs. 22-44% for 'B.' eutaenia and 27-46% for 'B.' miolepis; and the absence of a sheath of enlarged, prominent scales at the base of the dorsal fin as found in 'B.' eutaenia and 'B.' miolepis (Ref. 92865). 'Barbus' devosi differs from 'B.' choloensis by; fewer circumpeduncular scales, 10-12 vs. 14-16; fewer lateral line scales, 24-27 vs. 28-30; fewer scales between the lateral line and the anterior origin of the dorsal fin, 4,5 vs. 5-6; and it is a small to medium sized species, while 'B.' choloensis attains up to 200m standard length (Ref. 92865). 'Barbus' devosi differs from 'B.' seymouri by: more gill rakers on the ceratobranchial of the first gill arch, 6-9 vs. 4; its relatively shorter barbels, anterior barbel 31-64% of eye diameter vs. 46-96%, posterior barbel 46-87% of eye diameter vs. 71-123%; and fewer lateral line scales, 24-27 vs. 26-29 (Ref. 92865). Within the Lake Tanganyika drainage system 'B.' devosi is distinguished from all other small 'Barbus' by the following unique combination of characters: presence of a bony, serrated, last unbranched dorsal-fin ray; a complete lateral line; 24-27 lateral line scales; a permanent black mid-lateral stripe; and two pairs of barbels (Ref. 92865).

Colour: Dorsal and dorso-lateral parts of body and head dark brownish; flank grey silvery and ventral part whitish; a black mid-lateral stripe extending from tip of snout across eye and operculum to base of caudal fin and, in some specimens, onto mid-caudal fin rays, marking division between upper and lower lobes; mid-lateral stripe bordered dorsally and sometimes ventrally by a golden yellowish of whitish streak (Ref. 92865). Scales above lateral line darker at their edges (Ref. 92865). Dorsal and caudal fins grey-yellowish to grey-whitish with pinkish-orange tips; small specimens with more extended pinkish-orange colour on caudal and dorsal fins; pectoral fin grey yellowish to whitish, pelvic and anal fins translucent (Ref. 92865). Barbels with silvery grey base and whitish tip (Ref. 92865). Dorsal parts of preserved specimens dark brown; flank and belly grey to grey-yellowish; mid-lateral stripe dark brown or brown, less pronounced on snout in some specimens; barbels with dark base and yellowish tip; fins whitish and translucent; scales with darker edges visible in some specimens (Ref. 92865).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Enteromius devosi

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line 24 - 27
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line 4 - 4
Scale rows below lateral line 3 - 4.5
Scales around caudal peduncle 10 - 12
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb 6 - 9
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Attributes no striking attributes
Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 3 - 3
Soft-rays total 6 - 8
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes forked; more or less normal

Anal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Spines total 0 - 0
Soft-rays total 7 - 9

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Spines     0
Soft-rays   13 - 16
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    abdominal  beneath origin of D1
Spines     0
Soft-rays   8 - 9
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Boden, Gert
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cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17