Morphology Data of Dibrachichthys melanurus
Identification keys
Main Ref. Pietsch, T.W., J.W. Johnson and R.J. Arnold, 2009
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

This species is distinguished by the following characters: pectoral fin entire rather than the rays divided into two distinct sections; considerably broader cranium, with more extensive lateral projections of the lateral ethmoids, sphenotics, and pterotics; frontals highly elevated, each with a prominent medial flange closely approaching its counterpart on the midline (forming a longitudinal, semi-closed, tube-like structure on the snout between the eyes), and a large anterolateral surface, forming (together with the respective sphenotic and lateral ethmoid) a deep, semi-circular, protective cavity for the eye; parietals conical and highly elevated, resulting in formation of a deep, central, cranial depression; vertebrae 21; posteriormost proximal radial of the dorsal and anal fins lying between the neural and haemal spines, respectively, of the fifth and sixth pre-ural centra; second and third dorsal-fin spines well developed; dorsal-fin rays 14-15; anal-fin rays 8-10; distal end of the third pectoral-fin radial relatively small; considerably longer pectoral-fin rays with longest ray 34.5-48.5%; pelvic bone and fin hypertrophied; an entirely different pigment pattern; oral cavity darkly pigmented; a conspicuous dark band on the dorsum just below the soft dorsal fin, a dark bar across the caudal peduncle and base of the tail, no ocelli-like spots (Ref. 82431).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Dibrachichthys melanurus

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total 21 - 21


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total 14 - 15
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total 8 - 10

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Soft-rays   9 - 9
Pelvics Attributes  
Spines     1
Soft-rays   5 - 5
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Capuli, Estelita Emily
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cfm script by eagbayani, 17.10.00, php script by rolavides, 13/03/08 ,  last modified by sortiz, 06.27.17