Morphology Data of Boraras naevus
Identification keys
Main Ref. Conway, K.W. and M. Kottelat, 2011
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Boraras naevus is distinguished from its congeners with a similar blotched color pattern (viz. B. maculatus and B. micros) by pronounced sexual dimorphism of the anteriormost blotch situated on the body side, which is a small circular marking of roughly orbit size or smaller in females and a large dorso-ventrally orientated oval-shaped marking larger than the orbit in males (vs. anteriormost blotch similar in size and shape in both sexes) and by its lower number of principal caudal-fin rays (9+8 vs. 9+9 in B. micros, 9–10+9 in B. maculatus). It is further distinguished from B. maculatus by its lower number of body scales in the midlateral row (24–26 vs. 26–29), and its lower number of pelvic-fin rays (i.5.i vs. i.6.i), and from B. micros by its higher number of body scales in the midlateral row (24–26 vs. 22–23), higher number of branched dorsal-fin rays (7 vs. 5–6), the presence of red and black pigment along the anterior edge of the dorsal and anal fins of males in life (vs. all fins transparent without red or black pigmentation in life in both sexes), the presence of infraorbital 4 (vs. infraorbital 4 absent), infraorbital 2 contacting both infraorbital 1 and infraorbital 3 (vs. infraorbital 2 greatly reduced in size, without contact with adjacent infraorbital bones), and the presence of the mesocoracoid (vs. mesocoracoid absent). Boraras naevus can be distinguished from the remaining species of Boraras (B. brigittae, B. merah and B. urophthalmoides) by the absence of a midlateral stripe (vs. broad, uninterrupted midlateral stripe from upper extremity of gill opening to middle of caudal-fin base in B. brigittae and B. urophthalmoides; or narrow, frequently interrupted midlateral stripe from above anal-fin origin to middle of caudal-fin base in B. merah) (Ref. 87760).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Boraras naevus

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total
Soft-rays total
Adipose fin

Caudal fin


Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total
Soft-rays total

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  
Pelvics Attributes  
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Busson, Frédéric
Modified by Busson, Frédéric
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