Morphology Data of Apistogramma ortegai
Identification keys
Main Ref. Britzke, R., C. Oliveira and S.O. Kullander, 2014
Appearance refers to
Bones in OsteoBase

Sex attributes

Specialized organs
Different appearance
Different colors

Descriptive characteristics of juvenile and adult

Striking features
Body shape lateral fusiform / normal
Cross section
Dorsal head profile
Type of eyes
Type of mouth/snout
Position of mouth
Type of scales

Apistogramma ortegai belongs to Apistogramma regani species group, sharing exclusively with A. commbrae (Regan, 1906); A. inconspicua, 1983; and A. linkei, 1985 a tail spot (contiguous caudal spot to bar 7). It can be distinguished from A. commbrae by the absence of vertical stripes on caudal fin (vs. presence); from A. inconspicua by absence of vertical stripes on caudal fin (vs. presence) and by lateral band running into tail spot (vs. lateral band ending in bar 6); from A. linkei by absence of vertical stripes on caudal fin (vs. presence of two vertical stripes posteriorly) and by horizontal abdominal stripes (vs. vertical abdominal stripes). It can be diagnosed from other species with similar general counts, body shape and similar basic melanic color pattern, with exception of the contiguous caudal spot to bar 7: from A. eunotus by having 7-8 predorsal scales (vs. 9-12), 6-8 prepelvic scales (vs. 9-13) and presence of abdominal stripes (vs. absence); from A. cruzi by having 6-8 prepelvic scales (vs. 9-13); from A. aguarico by its dorsal-fin lappets short (vs. five first dorsal-fin lappets elongated) (Ref. 97388).

Ease of Identification

Meristic characteristics of Apistogramma ortegai

Lateral Lines Interrupted: No
Scales on lateral line
Pored lateral line scales
Scales in lateral series
Scale rows above lateral line
Scale rows below lateral line
Scales around caudal peduncle 16 - 16
Gill clefts (sharks/rays only)
Gill rakers
on lower limb
on upper limb
total 24 - 24


Dorsal fin(s)

Fins number 1
Finlets No. Dorsal   
Spines total 15 - 16
Soft-rays total 6 - 7
Adipose fin absent

Caudal fin

Attributes more or less truncate

Anal fin(s)

Fins number
Spines total 3 - 3
Soft-rays total 6 - 7

Paired fins

Pectoral Attributes  more or less normal
Soft-rays   12 - 12
Pelvics Attributes  more or less normal
Position    thoracic  behind origin of D1
Main Ref. (e.g. 9948)
Glossary ( e.g. cephalopods )
Entered by Torres, Armi G.
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