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Fish Identification: Find Species

Family: Notacanthidae Deep-sea spiny eels

(See list of species below)

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12 species
(see list below)
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Leptocephalus giganteus
[Giant leptocephalus]

Northwest Atlantic
Max. Length 50 cm TL
Lipogenys gillii Goode & Bean, 1895

Photo by Photo by Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Canada
Lipogenys gillii

Western Pacific

Notacanthus abbotti Fowler, 1934

Photo by Photo by Shao, K.T.
Notacanthus abbotti

Eastern Atlantic
Max. Length 26 cm TL
Notacanthus bonaparte Risso, 1840

Photo by Photo by Orlov, A.
Notacanthus bonaparte
[Shortfin spiny eel]

Worldwide except in tropi
Max. Length 120 cm TL
Notacanthus chemnitzii Bloch, 1788

Photo by Photo by Román Marcote, E.
Notacanthus chemnitzii
[Snubnosed spiny eel]
No picture found

Max. Length 20 cm TL

Notacanthus indicus

Southeast Atlantic
Max. Length 60 cm TL
Notacanthus sexspinis Richardson, 1846

Photo by Photo by Le Noury, P.
Notacanthus sexspinis
[Spiny-back eel]
No picture found

Notacanthus spinosus

Eastern Atlantic
Max. Length 50 cm TL
Polyacanthonotus africanus (Gilchrist & von Bonde, 1924)

Photo by Photo by SFSA
Polyacanthonotus africanus

North Pacific
Max. Length 60 cm TL
Polyacanthonotus challengeri (Vaillant, 1888)

Photo by Photo by Orlov, A.
Polyacanthonotus challengeri
[Longnose tapirfish]
No picture found

Polyacanthonotus merretti

Eastern Atlantic
Max. Length 9.5 cm ot
Polyacanthonotus rissoanus (De Filippi & Verany, 1857)

Photo by Photo by DESCNA
Polyacanthonotus rissoanus
[Smallmouth spiny eel]


Sort by: Species Length Year
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Scientific Name English Name Distribution Max. Length (cm) Year
Leptocephalus giganteus Giant leptocephalus Circumglobal 1959
Lipogenys gillii Northwest Atlantic 50 TL 1895
Notacanthus abbotti Western Pacific 1934
Notacanthus bonaparte Shortfin spiny eel Eastern Atlantic 26 TL 1840
Notacanthus chemnitzii Snubnosed spiny eel Worldwide except in tropi 120 TL 1788
Notacanthus indicus Western Indian Ocean 20 TL 1909
Notacanthus sexspinis Spiny-back eel Southeast Atlantic 60 TL 1846
Notacanthus spinosus Eastern Central Pacific 1899
Polyacanthonotus africanus Eastern Atlantic 50 TL 1924
Polyacanthonotus challengeri Longnose tapirfish North Pacific 60 TL 1888
Polyacanthonotus merretti Western Atlantic 1984
Polyacanthonotus rissoanus Smallmouth spiny eel Eastern Atlantic 9.5 ot 1857

Other identification tools in FishBase

Quick Identification
Identification keys
Identification by morphometrics
Identification by pictures:
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cfm script by eagbayani, 30.11.04, ,  php script by cmilitante, 05/11/2010 ,  last modified by cmilitante, 14/03/2013