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Fish Identification: Find Species

Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Acanthuridae Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes
Subfamily: Acanthurinae
Genus: Acanthurus

(See list of species below)



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40 species in
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Western Pacific
Max. Length 24 cm TL
Acanthurus achilles Shaw, 1803

Photo by Photo by Malaer, P.
 
Acanthurus achilles
[Achilles tang]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 25.2 cm SL
Acanthurus albimento Carpenter, Williams & Santos, 2017

Photo by Photo by Williams, J.T.
 
Acanthurus albimento
[Whitechin surgeonfish]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 33 cm TL
Acanthurus albipectoralis Allen & Ayling, 1987

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Acanthurus albipectoralis
[Whitefin surgeonfish]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 45 cm SL
Acanthurus auranticavus Randall, 1956

Photo by Photo by Trevor, M.
 
Acanthurus auranticavus
[Orange-socket surgeonfish]



South and Central Atlanti

Acanthurus bahianus Castelnau, 1855

Photo by Photo by Wirtz, P.
 
Acanthurus bahianus
[Barber surgeonfish]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 50 cm TL
Acanthurus bariene Lesson, 1831

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Acanthurus bariene
[Black-spot surgeonfish]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 45 cm SL
Acanthurus blochii Valenciennes, 1835

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Acanthurus blochii
[Ringtail surgeonfish]



Western Atlantic
Max. Length 39 cm TL
Acanthurus chirurgus (Bloch, 1787)

Photo by Photo by Patzner, R.
 
Acanthurus chirurgus
[Doctorfish]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 28 cm TL
Acanthurus chronixis Randall, 1960

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Acanthurus chronixis
[Chronixis surgeonfish]



Western Atlantic
Max. Length 39 cm TL
Acanthurus coeruleus Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Acanthurus coeruleus
[Blue tang surgeonfish]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 54 cm TL
Acanthurus dussumieri Valenciennes, 1835

Photo by Photo by Malaer, P.
 
Acanthurus dussumieri
[Eyestripe surgeonfish]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 45 cm SL
Acanthurus fowleri de Beaufort, 1951

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Acanthurus fowleri
[Fowler's surgeonfish]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 40 cm TL
Acanthurus gahhm (Forsskål, 1775)

Photo by Photo by Field, R.
 
Acanthurus gahhm
[Black surgeonfish]



Western Pacific
Max. Length 35 cm TL
Acanthurus grammoptilus Richardson, 1843

Photo by Photo by Bajol, R.
 
Acanthurus grammoptilus
[Finelined surgeonfish]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 26 cm TL
Acanthurus guttatus Forster, 1801

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Acanthurus guttatus
[Whitespotted surgeonfish]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 21 cm TL
Acanthurus japonicus (Schmidt, 1931)

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Acanthurus japonicus
[Japan surgeonfish]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 45 cm SL
Acanthurus leucocheilus Herre, 1927

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Acanthurus leucocheilus
[Palelipped surgeonfish]



Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 25 cm TL
Acanthurus leucopareius (Jenkins, 1903)

Photo by Photo by Malaer, P.
 
Acanthurus leucopareius
[Whitebar surgeonfish]



Indian Ocean
Max. Length 54 cm TL
Acanthurus leucosternon Bennett, 1833

Photo by Photo by Rusconi, G.
 
Acanthurus leucosternon
[Powderblue surgeonfish]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 38 cm TL
Acanthurus lineatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Photo by Photo by Greenfield, J.
 
Acanthurus lineatus
[Lined surgeonfish]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 40 cm SL
Acanthurus maculiceps (Ahl, 1923)

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Acanthurus maculiceps
[White-freckled surgeonfish]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 50 cm TL
Acanthurus mata (Cuvier, 1829)

Photo by Photo by Honeycutt, K.
 
Acanthurus mata
[Elongate surgeonfish]



Eastern Atlantic
Max. Length 45 cm SL
Acanthurus monroviae Steindachner, 1876

Photo by Photo by Pinheiro, P.
 
Acanthurus monroviae
[Monrovia doctorfish]



Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 21.3 cm TL
Acanthurus nigricans (Linnaeus, 1758)

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Acanthurus nigricans
[Whitecheek surgeonfish]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 40 cm TL
Acanthurus nigricauda Duncker & Mohr, 1929

Photo by Photo by Greenfield, J.
 
Acanthurus nigricauda
[Epaulette surgeonfish]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 21 cm TL
Acanthurus nigrofuscus (Forsskål, 1775)

Photo by Photo by Malaer, P.
 
Acanthurus nigrofuscus
[Brown surgeonfish]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 25 cm TL
Acanthurus nigroris Valenciennes, 1835

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Acanthurus nigroris
[Bluelined surgeonfish]



Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 26 cm TL
Acanthurus nubilus (Fowler & Bean, 1929)

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Acanthurus nubilus
[Bluelined surgeon]



Pacific Ocean
Max. Length 35 cm TL
Acanthurus olivaceus Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Acanthurus olivaceus
[Orangespot surgeonfish]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 11 cm TL
Acanthurus polyzona (Bleeker, 1868)

Photo by Photo by Bourjon, P.
 
Acanthurus polyzona
[Black-barred surgeonfish]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 29 cm TL
Acanthurus pyroferus Kittlitz, 1834

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Acanthurus pyroferus
[Chocolate surgeonfish]



Western Atlantic
Max. Length 18 cm TL
Acanthurus randalli Briggs & Caldwell, 1957

Photo by Photo by O'Donnell, P.
 
Acanthurus randalli
[Gulf surgeonfish]



Eastern Central Pacific
Max. Length 34 cm TL
Acanthurus reversus Randall & Earle, 1999

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Acanthurus reversus
[]



Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 40 cm TL
Acanthurus sohal (Forsskål, 1775)

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Acanthurus sohal
[Sohal surgeonfish]



Indian Ocean
Max. Length 31 cm TL
Acanthurus tennentii Günther, 1861

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Acanthurus tennentii
[Doubleband surgeonfish]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 27 cm TL
Acanthurus thompsoni (Fowler, 1923)

Photo by Photo by Greenfield, J.
 
Acanthurus thompsoni
[Thompson's surgeonfish]



Northwestern Atlantic
Max. Length 38.1 cm SL
Acanthurus tractus Poey, 1860

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Acanthurus tractus
[Ocean surgeonfish]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 27 cm TL
Acanthurus triostegus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Photo by Photo by Malaer, P.
 
Acanthurus triostegus
[Convict surgeonfish]



Indian Ocean
Max. Length 25 cm TL
Acanthurus tristis Randall, 1993

Photo by Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Acanthurus tristis
[Indian Ocean mimic surgeonfish]



Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 70 cm TL
Acanthurus xanthopterus Valenciennes, 1835

Photo by Photo by Alban Choinier/Magazine des Voyages de Pêche
 
Acanthurus xanthopterus
[Yellowfin surgeonfish]



40 species

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Scientific Name English Name Distribution Max. Length (cm) Year
Acanthurus achilles Achilles tang Western Pacific 24 TL 1803
Acanthurus albimento Whitechin surgeonfish Western Pacific 25.2 SL 2017
Acanthurus albipectoralis Whitefin surgeonfish Western Pacific 33 TL 1987
Acanthurus auranticavus Orange-socket surgeonfish Western Indian Ocean 45 SL 1956
Acanthurus bahianus Barber surgeonfish South and Central Atlanti 1855
Acanthurus bariene Black-spot surgeonfish Indo-West Pacific 50 TL 1831
Acanthurus blochii Ringtail surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 45 SL 1835
Acanthurus chirurgus Doctorfish Western Atlantic 39 TL 1787
Acanthurus chronixis Chronixis surgeonfish Western Pacific 28 TL 1960
Acanthurus coeruleus Blue tang surgeonfish Western Atlantic 39 TL 1801
Acanthurus dussumieri Eyestripe surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 54 TL 1835
Acanthurus fowleri Fowler's surgeonfish Western Pacific 45 SL 1951
Acanthurus gahhm Black surgeonfish Western Indian Ocean 40 TL 1775
Acanthurus grammoptilus Finelined surgeonfish Western Pacific 35 TL 1843
Acanthurus guttatus Whitespotted surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 26 TL 1801
Acanthurus japonicus Japan surgeonfish Indo-West Pacific 21 TL 1931
Acanthurus leucocheilus Palelipped surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 45 SL 1927
Acanthurus leucopareius Whitebar surgeonfish Western Central Pacific 25 TL 1903
Acanthurus leucosternon Powderblue surgeonfish Indian Ocean 54 TL 1833
Acanthurus lineatus Lined surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 38 TL 1758
Acanthurus maculiceps White-freckled surgeonfish Indo-West Pacific 40 SL 1923
Acanthurus mata Elongate surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 50 TL 1829
Acanthurus monroviae Monrovia doctorfish Eastern Atlantic 45 SL 1876
Acanthurus nigricans Whitecheek surgeonfish Eastern Indian Ocean 21.3 TL 1758
Acanthurus nigricauda Epaulette surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 40 TL 1929
Acanthurus nigrofuscus Brown surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 21 TL 1775
Acanthurus nigroris Bluelined surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 25 TL 1835
Acanthurus nubilus Bluelined surgeon Indo-West Pacific 26 TL 1929
Acanthurus olivaceus Orangespot surgeonfish Pacific Ocean 35 TL 1801
Acanthurus polyzona Black-barred surgeonfish Western Indian Ocean 11 TL 1868
Acanthurus pyroferus Chocolate surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 29 TL 1834
Acanthurus randalli Gulf surgeonfish Western Atlantic 18 TL 1957
Acanthurus reversus Eastern Central Pacific 34 TL 1999
Acanthurus sohal Sohal surgeonfish Western Indian Ocean 40 TL 1775
Acanthurus tennentii Doubleband surgeonfish Indian Ocean 31 TL 1861
Acanthurus thompsoni Thompson's surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 27 TL 1923
Acanthurus tractus Ocean surgeonfish Northwestern Atlantic 38.1 SL 1860
Acanthurus triostegus Convict surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 27 TL 1758
Acanthurus tristis Indian Ocean mimic surgeonfish Indian Ocean 25 TL 1993
Acanthurus xanthopterus Yellowfin surgeonfish Indo-Pacific 70 TL 1835



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cfm script by eagbayani, 30.11.04, ,  php script by cmilitante, 05/11/2010 ,  last modified by cmilitante, 14/03/2013