Biodiversity Martinique (MTQ)
  FishBase Complete Literature Reference
Species Families Species Families
Marine 443 94 No
Freshwater 16 10 No
Total 456 97 No
Geography and Climate Martinique located in the Caribbean, is an island in the Caribbean Sea, north of Trinidad and Tobago. Area - comparative: slightly more than six times the size of Washington, DC. Climate is tropical; moderated by trade winds; rainy season (June to October); vulnerable to devastating cyclones (hurricanes) every eight years on average; average temperature 17.3 degrees C; humid. Terrain consists of mountainous with indented coastline; dormant volcano. Elevation extreme has the lowest point in Caribbean Sea 0 m and highest point in Montagne Pelee 1,397 m. Natural resources are coastal scenery and beaches, cultivable land. Land use: arable land: 8%, permanent crops: 8%, permanent pastures: 17%, forests and woodland: 44%, other: 23% (1993 est.). Irrigated land: 40 sq km (1993 est.). Natural hazards are hurricanes, flooding, and volcanic activity (an average of one major natural disaster every five years).

Ref.  Anonymous, 1999
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