Biodiversity Guatemala (GTM)
  FishBase Complete Literature Reference
Species Families Species Families
Marine 764 136 No
Freshwater 151 35 No
Total 901 151 No
Conservation The following information is to be sought: - Status of knowledge of the freshwater fauna; - Existence of conservation plans; - Information on major aquatic habitats or sites within the country; - Current major threats to species; - Future potential threats to species; - Contact(s) for further information.
Geography and Climate Guatemala is located in Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Honduras and Belize and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Mexico. Area comparative slightly smaller than Tennessee. Total land boundary 1,687 km, border countries are Belize 266 km, El Salvador 203 km, Honduras 256 km, Mexico 962 km. Climate is tropical; hot, humid in lowlands; cooler in highlands. Terrain consists mostly mountains with narrow coastal plains and rolling limestone plateau (Peten). Elevation extreme has the lowest point in Pacific Ocean 0 m and highest point in Volcan Tajumulco 4,211 m. Natural resources are petroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle Land use: arable land: 12%, permanent crops: 5%, permanent pastures: 24%, forests and woodland: 54%, other: 5% (1993 est.). Irrigated land: 1,250 sq km (1993 est.). Natural hazards are numerous volcanoes in mountains, with occasional violent earthquakes; Caribbean coast subject to hurricanes and other tropical storms. Environment—current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution Geography—note: no natural harbors on west coast.

Ref.  Anonymous, 1999
Comments & Corrections
Sign our Guest Book
Back to Search
cfm script by eagbayani, 23.12.02 ,  php script by rolavides, 13/10/09 ,  last modified by rolavides, 1:27 PM 13/10/09