Ecosystem Reference
Ecosystem Sea of Azov
Type Sea/Bay/Gulf
Salinity brackish
Other Names Sea of Azof
Northern bay of the Black Sea, between Ukraine and Russia. 47° N 45° N - 36° E 40° E
Location Map
Size Ref
River Length Area 37584 km2 Drainage Area
Average Depth Max Depth Ref
100 Meters Depth
Description Shallow, sandy shores. Connected to the Black Sea by Kerch Strait. 300 km wide. Azov, Sea of (Russian Azovskoye More), inland sea, southern European Russia, connected with the Black Sea by the Strait of Kerch. The Sea of Azov is entirely shallow, about 1 to 16 m (about 3 to 52 ft) in depth. The water is almost fresh, although the salinity level has increased over the past few decades due to the diversion of water from the rivers that flow into the sea for irrigation and other uses. Because the sea once had an abundance of fish, the Turks called it Baluk Deniz (“Fish Sea”), but increased salinity and chemical pollution have since caused a decline in the fish population. The sea is roughly triangular in shape, narrowing at the northeastern extremity to form the Gulf of Taganrog. The three chief ports on the Azov are Taganrog in Russia, and Mariupol’ (Zhdanov, 1948-89) and Berdyans’k in Ukraine. Another large port, Rostov-na-Donu, Russia, is 45 km (28 mi) from the mouth of the Don River, the most important affluent of the Sea of Azov. Many rivers, including the Kuban’, flow into the Sea of Azov. The area is 37,600 sq km (14,500 sq mi) (Ref. 53495).
Comments on faunal list
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FishBase Literature
Species Families Species Families Reference
47 16
Froese, Rainer on 03.27.98
Modified by Torres, Armi G. on 11.09.20
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