Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Asia: Pakistan, India, Bangladesh and Nepal.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 117040); max. published weight: 3.18 g (Ref. 117040)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 35 - 37. Dorsal fin typically with 8 branched rays. Anal fin with 3-4 simple rays, 9-11 branched rays. Snout moderately projecting; anterior naris origin close to snout tip (distance between anterior naris and snout tip less than eye diameter). Nasal barbel reaching at least to end of head, sometimes reaching dorsal-fin origin; maxillary barbel reaching past to adipose-fin origin; maxillary barbel membrane small, with narrow attachment to cheek only; maxillary bone long, reaching posteriorly to end of head. Vent and genital papillae near middle of pelvic fins (Ref. 40780).
Inhabits upper reaches of rivers (Ref. 41236).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. Volume 2. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. (Ref. 4833)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00851 (0.00457 - 0.01587), b=3.10 (2.93 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .