Strongylura timucu, Timucu : fisheries

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Strongylura timucu (Walbaum, 1792)

Timucu
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Strongylura timucu   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Strongylura timucu (Timucu)
Strongylura timucu
Picture by Sazima, I.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes(Släkte, Arter) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Beloniformes (Needle fishes) > Belonidae (Needlefishes)
Etymology: Strongylura: Greek, strongylos = round + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Walbaum.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina; stvatten; brackvatten revassocierade; djupintervall 1 - 3 m (Ref. 58047), usually - m (Ref. ).   Subtropical; 0°C -

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: southeastern Florida (USA), Bahamas, and northeastern Gulf of Mexico to Brazil.

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 61.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 7251); common length : 35.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 5217)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 15-17; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 16 - 20. Caudal peduncle without a lateral keel, the least depth about equal to the width; maxilla exposed posteriorly; opercles scaled.

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Adults found on reef flats, in lagoons, or in freshwater (Ref. 9710). Juveniles found among floating algae (Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on small fishes (Ref. 3129). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Eggs may be found attached to objects in the water by tendrils on the egg's surface (Ref. 205). During the day preys on small fishes and shrimps close to water surface, approaching potential prey stealthily within lunging range, but when disturbed, may leap and skitter at the surface. At night, young individuals rest close to the surface, aligned with semi-submersed leaves of marsh grass in mangroves, and when disturbed, usually sinks slowly and hides within vegetation. The resemblance to grass blades and its night-time behavior are believed to be defensive adaptations against nocturnal visually oriented predators like night herons (Ref. 40403).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Collette, Bruce B. | Medarbetare

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 25 August 2018

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: husbehovsfiske
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Ytterligare information

Länder
FAO områden
Ekosystem
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synonymer
Metabolik
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Fecundity
Ägg
Egg development
Age/Size
Tillväxt
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometri
Morfologi
Larver
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referenser
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Ljud
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Otoliths
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Special reports

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Internet-källor

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Släkte, Arter | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Nationella databaser | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, sök | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24 - 28.1, mean 27.4 °C (based on 778 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00162 (0.00104 - 0.00254), b=3.10 (2.97 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.8 se; based on diet studies.
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Hög, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid mindre än 15 månader (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 53.7 [20.3, 144.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.03 [0.45, 2.32] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.6 [15.6, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.438 [0.149, 1.395] g/100g ; Selenium = 19.7 [6.3, 55.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 135 [27, 663] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.895 [0.490, 1.707] mg/100g (wet weight);