Strongylura timucu, Timucu : fisheries

Strongylura timucu (Walbaum, 1792)

Timucu
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Strongylura timucu   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Strongylura timucu
Picture by Sazima, I.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Beloniformes (Needle fishes) 頜針魚目 (Needle fishes) > Belonidae (Needlefishes) 頜針魚科 (Needlefishes)
Etymology: Strongylura: Greek, strongylos = round + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Walbaum.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 淡水; 半咸淡水 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 1 - 3 m (Ref. 58047), usually - m (Ref. ).   亞熱帶的; 0°C -

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: southeastern Florida (USA), Bahamas, and northeastern Gulf of Mexico to Brazil.
西大西洋: 佛羅里達東南方 (美國) ,巴哈馬與墨西哥灣東北方到巴西。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 61.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 7251); common length : 35.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 5217)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背的软条 (总数): 15-17; 臀鳍软条: 16 - 20. Caudal peduncle without a lateral keel, the least depth about equal to the width; maxilla exposed posteriorly; opercles scaled.
尾梗没有一个侧龙骨,最少的深度大约等于宽度; 颚骨在后部地暴露出来; 鳃盖覆有鳞片的。

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults found on reef flats, in lagoons, or in freshwater (Ref. 9710). Juveniles found among floating algae (Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on small fishes (Ref. 3129). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Eggs may be found attached to objects in the water by tendrils on the egg's surface (Ref. 205). During the day preys on small fishes and shrimps close to water surface, approaching potential prey stealthily within lunging range, but when disturbed, may leap and skitter at the surface. At night, young individuals rest close to the surface, aligned with semi-submersed leaves of marsh grass in mangroves, and when disturbed, usually sinks slowly and hides within vegetation. The resemblance to grass blades and its night-time behavior are believed to be defensive adaptations against nocturnal visually oriented predators like night herons (Ref. 40403).

在舄湖中,成鱼发现于礁石平台了, 或在淡水中.(参考文献 9710) 稚鱼发现于漂浮的藻类中了。 (参考文献 9710) 主要吃小鱼。 (参考文献 3129) 卵生的.(参考文献 205) 卵可能被发现于在卵的表面上的卷须水依附于目标。 (参考文献 205) 在白天期间捕食小鱼,而且虾接近水面,暗地里在肺范围里面接近可能的猎物, 但是当被惊扰时, 可能跳跃而且飞掠在水表面。 在晚上,幼鱼休息接近表面,合并在红树林中的沼泽草的半长在水中树叶了, 与当被惊扰时, 通常慢慢地下沉而且藏在植物里面。 樣似草葉片與它的夜間行為被相信是對抗夜行的像夜鷺的掠食者的防禦適應。 (參考文獻 40403)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

西大西洋: 佛羅里達東南方 (美國) ,巴哈馬與墨西哥灣東北方到巴西。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Collette, Bruce B. | 合作者

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 124695)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 25 August 2018

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 自给性渔业
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
年龄范围
成长
体长-体重
体长-体长
体长-频率
形态测量图
型态特徵
仔鱼
稚鱼动力学
入添量
丰度
BRUVS
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Nutrients
Mass conversion
合作者
照片
Stamps, Coins Misc.
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

工具

特别资料

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网络资源

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24 - 28.1, mean 27.4 °C (based on 778 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00162 (0.00104 - 0.00254), b=3.10 (2.97 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.8 se; based on diet studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  高度, 族群倍增时间少于 15个月 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 53.7 [20.3, 144.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.03 [0.45, 2.32] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.6 [15.6, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.438 [0.149, 1.395] g/100g ; Selenium = 19.7 [6.3, 55.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 135 [27, 663] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.895 [0.490, 1.707] mg/100g (wet weight);