Strongylura timucu, Timucu : fisheries

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Strongylura timucu (Walbaum, 1792)

Timucu
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Strongylura timucu   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Strongylura timucu (Timucu)
Strongylura timucu
Picture by Sazima, I.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes(Gattung, Arten) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Beloniformes (Needle fishes) > Belonidae (Needlefishes)
Etymology: Strongylura: Greek, strongylos = round + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Walbaum.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ökologie

; seewasser; swasser; brackwasser riff-verbunden; tiefenbereich 1 - 3 m (Ref. 58047), usually - m (Ref. ).   Subtropical; 0°C -

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: southeastern Florida (USA), Bahamas, and northeastern Gulf of Mexico to Brazil.

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 61.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 7251); common length : 35.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 5217)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 15-17; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 16 - 20. Caudal peduncle without a lateral keel, the least depth about equal to the width; maxilla exposed posteriorly; opercles scaled.

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Adults found on reef flats, in lagoons, or in freshwater (Ref. 9710). Juveniles found among floating algae (Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on small fishes (Ref. 3129). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Eggs may be found attached to objects in the water by tendrils on the egg's surface (Ref. 205). During the day preys on small fishes and shrimps close to water surface, approaching potential prey stealthily within lunging range, but when disturbed, may leap and skitter at the surface. At night, young individuals rest close to the surface, aligned with semi-submersed leaves of marsh grass in mangroves, and when disturbed, usually sinks slowly and hides within vegetation. The resemblance to grass blades and its night-time behavior are believed to be defensive adaptations against nocturnal visually oriented predators like night herons (Ref. 40403).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : Collette, Bruce B. | Partner

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 124695)

  nicht bedroht (LC) ; Date assessed: 25 August 2018

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless





Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kleinfischerei
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AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher Einträge suchen | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Gattung, Arten | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: Genom, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Nationale Datenbanken | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Gehe zu, Suchen | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24 - 28.1, mean 27.4 °C (based on 778 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00162 (0.00104 - 0.00254), b=3.10 (2.97 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.8 se; based on diet studies.
Widerstandsfähigkeit (Ref. 120179):  hoch, Verdopplung der Population dauert weniger als 15 Monate. (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Verwundbarkeit (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .
Preiskategorie (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 53.7 [20.3, 144.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.03 [0.45, 2.32] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.6 [15.6, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.438 [0.149, 1.395] g/100g ; Selenium = 19.7 [6.3, 55.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 135 [27, 663] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.895 [0.490, 1.707] mg/100g (wet weight);