Strongylura timucu, Timucu : fisheries

Strongylura timucu (Walbaum, 1792)

Timucu
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Strongylura timucu   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Strongylura timucu
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Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes(Genre, Espèce) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Beloniformes (Needle fishes) > Belonidae (Needlefishes)
Etymology: Strongylura: Greek, strongylos = round + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Walbaum.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Écologie

; marin; eau douce; saumâtre récifal; profondeur 1 - 3 m (Ref. 58047), usually - m (Ref. ).   Subtropical; 0°C -

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: southeastern Florida (USA), Bahamas, and northeastern Gulf of Mexico to Brazil.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 61.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 7251); common length : 35.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 5217)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 15-17; Rayons mous anaux: 16 - 20. Caudal peduncle without a lateral keel, the least depth about equal to the width; maxilla exposed posteriorly; opercles scaled.

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Adults found on reef flats, in lagoons, or in freshwater (Ref. 9710). Juveniles found among floating algae (Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on small fishes (Ref. 3129). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Eggs may be found attached to objects in the water by tendrils on the egg's surface (Ref. 205). During the day preys on small fishes and shrimps close to water surface, approaching potential prey stealthily within lunging range, but when disturbed, may leap and skitter at the surface. At night, young individuals rest close to the surface, aligned with semi-submersed leaves of marsh grass in mangroves, and when disturbed, usually sinks slowly and hides within vegetation. The resemblance to grass blades and its night-time behavior are believed to be defensive adaptations against nocturnal visually oriented predators like night herons (Ref. 40403).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Collette, Bruce B. | Collaborateurs

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 124695)

  Préoccupation mineure (LC) ; Date assessed: 25 August 2018

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless





Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: pêcheries vivrières
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

Plus d'informations

Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Rassemblement de ponte
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
Abondance
BRUVS
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
Souches
Génétique
Fréquences alléliques
Héritabilité
Pathologies
Traitement
Nutrients
Mass conversion
Collaborateurs
Images
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sons
Ciguatera
Vitesse
Type de nage
Surface branchiale
Otolithes
Cerveaux
Vision

Outils

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Sources Internet

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: Genre, Espèce | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: génôme, nucléotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Bases de données nationales | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Arbre de Vie | Wikipedia: aller à, chercher | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24 - 28.1, mean 27.4 °C (based on 778 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00162 (0.00104 - 0.00254), b=3.10 (2.97 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Niveau trophique (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.8 se; based on diet studies.
Résilience (Ref. 120179):  Haut, temps minimum de doublement de population inférieur à 15 mois (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnérabilité (Ref. 59153):  Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .
Catégorie de prix (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 53.7 [20.3, 144.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.03 [0.45, 2.32] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.6 [15.6, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.438 [0.149, 1.395] g/100g ; Selenium = 19.7 [6.3, 55.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 135 [27, 663] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.895 [0.490, 1.707] mg/100g (wet weight);