Mycteroperca fusca (Lowe, 1838)

Island grouper
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Mycteroperca fusca   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Mycteroperca fusca (Island grouper)
Mycteroperca fusca
Picture by Hernández-González, C.L.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Mycteroperca: Greek, mykter, -eros = nose + Greek, perke = perch (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Lowe.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ekologi

; marina bottenlevande; djupintervall 1 - 200 m (Ref. 27000), usually 20 - 30 m.   Subtropical; 39°N - 12°N, 27°W - 12°W (Ref. 5222)

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: known with certainty only from the Azores, Madeira, Cape Verde, and the Canary Islands.

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 80.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 5222); publicerad maxvikt: 3.0 kg (Ref. 5222)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 11; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 14-16; Taggstrålar i analfenan 3; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 10 - 12. Distinguished by the following characteristics: brownish or dark grey body color of adults with irregular pale blotches and spots and prominent maxillary streak (capable of reversing body color pattern when under stress); juveniles mottled greenish brown, with prominent white spots on head and body, median fins with white streaks and hyaline golden pectoral fins; oblong and compressed body, depth 3.0-3.3 times in SL; head length 2.6-2.9 times in SL; convex interorbital area; enlarged serrae of preopercle at the angle, forming rounded lobe below shallow indentation on vertical limb; few small serrae on subopercle and interopercle; subequal sizes of anterior and posterior nostrils in juveniles, adults with 3 times larger posterior nostrils compared to anterior ones; lower jaws extends well in front of upper jaw (Ref. 89707).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Adults occur near the bottom in rocky areas; juveniles are found in tide pools (Ref. 89707). Two specimens collected from the Cape Verde by J. Cadenat were from a depth of '50' m.

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Medarbetare

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Sårbar, se IUCNs rödlista (VU) (B2ab(v)); Date assessed: 20 November 2016

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fiskeri: kommersiell
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 16.7 - 25.3, mean 19.9 (based on 56 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trofisk nivå (Ref. 69278):  4.3   ±0.8 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resiliens (Ref. 120179):  Låg, lägsta populationsfördubblingstid 4,5-14 år (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (58 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   High.