Hyporthodus exsul, Tenspine grouper : fisheries

Hyporthodus exsul (Fowler, 1944)

Tenspine grouper
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Hyporthodus exsul
Juvenile picture by Robertson, R.

Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterígios (peces con aletas radiadas) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
  More on author: Fowler.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecología

; marino demersal; rango de profundidad 55 - ? m (Ref. 89707).   Tropical; 35°N - 5°N, 115°W - 79°W (Ref. 89707)

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Eastern Central Pacific: Gulf of California to Panama.

Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 125 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 89707)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Espinas dorsales (total): 10; Radios blandos dorsales (total): 13-14; Espinas anales 3; Radios blandos anales: 8. Distinguished by the following characteristics: adults dark brown without distinct markings; juveniles dark brown with several white spots and occasionally paler caudal fin; depth of body contained 2.3 times in SL; head length 2.2-2.3 times in SL; convex interorbital area; angular preopercle, enlarged serrae at angle and with or without few small serrae on lower edge; smooth interopercle and subopercle; posterior nostrils larger than anterior nostrils and shaped like an inverted tear drop; maxilla reaches vertical at rear edge of eye (Ref. 89707).

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

One juvenile examined came from a depth of 55 m. Reef-associated inhabiting depths of at least 55 m (Ref. 89707). Apparently too rare to be of commercial interest.

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Colaboradores

Craig, M.T. and P.A. Hastings, 2007. A molecular phylogeny of the groupers of the subfamily Epinephelinae (Serranidae) with revised classification of the epinephelini. Ichthyol. Res. 54:1-17. (Ref. 83414)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 February 2018

CITES (Ref. 118484)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Pesquerías: pesquerías de subsistencia
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

Más información

Países
Áreas FAO
Ecosistemas
Ocurrencias, apariciones
Introducciones
Stocks
Ecología
Dieta
componentes alimenticios
consumo de alimento
Ración
Nombres comunes
Sinónimos
Metabolismo
Despredadores
Ecotoxicología
Reproducción
Madurez
Puesta
Agregación para la puesta
Fecundidad
Huevos
Egg development
Age/Size
Crecimiento
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometría
Morfología
Larva
Dinámica larvaria
Reclutamiento
Abundancia
Referencias
Acuicultura
Perfil de acuicultura
Razas
Genética
Frecuencias de alelos
heritabilidad
Enfermedades
Procesamiento
Mass conversion
Colaboradores
Imágenes
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sonidos
Ciguatera
Velocidad
Tipo de natación
Superficie branquial
Otolitos
Cerebros
Visión

Herramientas

Special reports

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Fuentes de Internet

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Árbol de la vida | Wikipedia(Go, búsqueda) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Expediente Zoológico

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00604 - 0.03012), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Nivel trófico (Ref. 69278):  4.0   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resiliencia (Ref. 120179):  Muy bajo, población duplicada en un tiempo mínimo superior a 14 años (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High to very high vulnerability (72 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Very high.