Strongylura senegalensis, Senegal needlefish : fisheries

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Strongylura senegalensis (Valenciennes, 1846)

Senegal needlefish
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Strongylura senegalensis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Strongylura senegalensis
Picture by Mamonekene, V.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Beloniformes (Needle fishes) 頜針魚目 (Needle fishes) > Belonidae (Needlefishes) 頜針魚科 (Needlefishes)
Etymology: Strongylura: Greek, strongylos = round + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋; 半咸淡水; 深度上下限 0 - ? m.   熱帶; 14°N - 17°S

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Senegal and Guinea to the Gulf of Guinea and Angola. Reported from the Gambia River (Ref. 28587).
東大西洋: 塞內加爾與幾內亞到幾內亞灣與安哥拉。 記錄來自甘比亞河了。 (參考文獻 28587)

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 2683); common length : 60.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 2683)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 13-16; 臀棘 0; 臀鳍软条: 14 - 18. Diagnosis: body elongate; upper and lower jaws extremely long, forming a stout beak armed with strong teeth; nostrils in depression before eyes (nasal pit); gill rakers absent; pelvic fins abdominal; 13-16 dorsal-fin rays; no lateral keel on caudal peduncle; caudal fin emarginated (Ref. 57228).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs in coastal areas and brackish lagoons. Feeds mainly on small fishes (Ref. 28587). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Eggs may be found attached to objects in the water by tendrils on the egg's surface (Ref. 205).

出现于沿岸区域与半咸淡水舄湖。 主要吃小鱼。 (参考文献 28587) 卵生的.(参考文献 205) 卵可能被发现于在卵的表面上的卷须水依附于目标。 (参考文献 205)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

東大西洋: 塞內加爾與幾內亞到幾內亞灣與安哥拉。 記錄來自甘比亞河了。 (參考文獻 28587)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Collette, Bruce B. | 合作者

Collette, B.B. and N.V. Parin, 1990. Belonidae. p. 592-597. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 5757)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 July 2012

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 低经济
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.4 - 28, mean 27.4 °C (based on 185 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5001   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00076 (0.00040 - 0.00145), b=3.13 (2.97 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.5   ±0.80 se; based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  非常低的, 最小族群倍增时间超过14 年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Very high vulnerability (76 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   High.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 94.6 [44.7, 239.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.978 [0.488, 1.819] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.6 [14.6, 18.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.512 [0.179, 1.527] g/100g ; Selenium = 63.3 [25.6, 161.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 52.8 [14.8, 211.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.966 [0.597, 1.602] mg/100g (wet weight);