Pagellus bogaraveo, Blackspot seabream : fisheries, gamefish

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Pagellus bogaraveo (Brünnich, 1768)

Blackspot seabream
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Pagellus bogaraveo   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pagellus bogaraveo (Blackspot seabream)
Pagellus bogaraveo
Male picture by Cambraia Duarte, P.M.N. (c)ImagDOP

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes(, ) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri > Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Pagellus: Diminutive of Latin, pager, derived from Greek, pagros = a fish, Dentex sp. (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 底中水层性; 深度上下限 150 - 700 m (Ref. 56504), usually 150 - 300 m (Ref. 35388).   溫帶; 65°N - 20°N, 32°W - 17°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Norway, Strait of Gibraltar to Cape Blanc in Mauritania, Madeira, Canary Islands, and western Mediterranean (rare beyond the Sicilian Strait). Reported from Iceland (Ref. 12462).
東大西洋: 挪威, 在茅利塔尼亞,馬得拉群島,加納利群島與地中海西部的布朗角的直布羅陀海峽.(稀有的超過西西里人的海峽) 記錄來自冰島了。 (參考文獻 12462)

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 31.4  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 4781); common length : 30.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 4781); 最大体重: 4.0 kg (Ref. 9987); 最大年龄: 15 年 (Ref. 4645)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 12 - 13; 背的软条 (总数): 11-13; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 11 - 12. Black spot above the pectoral fin base. Snout shorter than the eye diameter (Ref. 35388).
在胸鳍基底上面的黑色斑点。 吻短于眼直径.(参考文献 35388)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Inshore waters above various types of bottom (rocks, sand, mud) to 400 m (Mediterranean) and 700 m (Atlantic); young near the coast, adults on the continental slope specially over muddy bottoms. Omnivorous, but feed mainly on crustaceans, mollusks, worms and small fish. Protandric hermaphrodites, become females at 20-30 cm length. Adults move towards the coast up to the edge of the continental shelf to spawn from January to June (Ref. 3688). Important foodfish. Marketed fresh and frozen; consumed pan-fried, broiled and baked (Ref. 9987).

对 400 公尺 (地中海) 与 700 公尺 (大西洋) 的在各种不同类型的底部 (岩石,沙子, 泥) 上面的近岸水域; 在海岸附近的幼鱼, 特别地成鱼在大陆斜坡上在泥沙底上面。 杂食性, 但是主要捕食甲壳动物,软件动物,蠕虫与小鱼。 雄蕊先熟的雌雄同体,变成雌性在 20-30 公分长度。 当对于海岸的成鱼移动向上到的时候从一月到六月产卵大陆架的边缘。 (参考文献 3688) 重要的食用鱼。 在市场上销售生鲜和冷冻; 消费油锅炸的, 火烤的与烧烤。 (参考文献 9987)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Protandric hermaphrodite species (male during its first sexual maturity). Becomes female between 2 and 7 years of age. Spawns from January to June, depending on latitude. Egg size 1.19 mm, larval length at hatching 3.7 mm. Simultaneous hermaphroditism is also suggested for this species (Ref. 103751).東大西洋: 挪威, 在茅利塔尼亞,馬得拉群島,加納利群島與地中海西部的布朗角的直布羅陀海峽.(稀有的超過西西里人的海峽) 記錄來自冰島了。 (參考文獻 12462)

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Bauchot, M.-L. and J.-C. Hureau, 1990. Sparidae. p. 790-812. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3688)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 123251)

  临近濒危 (NT) ; Date assessed: 17 August 2009

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  无害处的





人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 游钓鱼种: 是的
FAO - 养殖: 产生; 渔业: landings; Publication: search | FIRMS - Stock assessments | FishSource | 周边海洋

更多信息

俗名
同种异名
新陈代谢
捕食者
生态毒物学
繁殖
成熟度
产卵场
产卵群集
孕卵数

卵的发育
参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
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基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Nutrients
Mass conversion
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声音
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速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

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特别资料

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网络资源

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | 核实 FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: , | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - 养殖: 产生; 渔业: landings; Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: 基因组, 核苷酸 | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | 国家资料库 | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | 公众的水族馆 | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | 树状分类阶层 | Wikipedia: 转至, 搜寻 | World Records Freshwater Fishing | 动物学的记录

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 6.9 - 14.9, mean 11.2 °C (based on 160 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.01014 - 0.01300), b=3.03 (3.00 - 3.06), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.6 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 8.7 (6.8 - 10.8) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 16 growth studies.
回复力 (Ref. 120179):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (K=0.09-0.1; tmax=15; tm=4-5; Fec=70,000).
Prior r = 0.54, 95% CL = 0.36 - 0.82, Based on 4 stock assessments.
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (57 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 40.1 [19.3, 76.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.152 [0.093, 0.244] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.9 [18.8, 20.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.686 [0.454, 1.059] g/100g ; Selenium = 58.5 [32.3, 101.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 8.73 [1.84, 50.03] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.288 [0.205, 0.402] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.