Pagellus bogaraveo, Blackspot seabream : fisheries, gamefish

Pagellus bogaraveo (Brünnich, 1768)

Blackspot seabream
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Pagellus bogaraveo   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Pagellus bogaraveo (Blackspot seabream)
Pagellus bogaraveo
Male picture by Cambraia Duarte, P.M.N. (c)ImagDOP

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes(Genus, Soort(en)) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

> Eupercaria/misc (Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Pagellus: Diminutive of Latin, pager, derived from Greek, pagros = a fish, Dentex sp. (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecologie

; marien benthopelagisch; diepteverspreiding 150 - 700 m (Ref. 56504), usually 150 - 300 m (Ref. 35388).   Temperate; 65°N - 20°N, 32°W - 17°E

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Norway, Strait of Gibraltar to Cape Blanc in Mauritania, Madeira, Canary Islands, and western Mediterranean (rare beyond the Sicilian Strait). Reported from Iceland (Ref. 12462).

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm 31.4  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 4781); common length : 30.0 cm SL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 4781); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 4.0 kg (Ref. 9987); Maximaal vermelde leeftijd: 15 jaren (Ref. 4645)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 12 - 13; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 11-13; Anale stekels 3; Anale zachte stralen: 11 - 12. Black spot above the pectoral fin base. Snout shorter than the eye diameter (Ref. 35388).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Inshore waters above various types of bottom (rocks, sand, mud) to 400 m (Mediterranean) and 700 m (Atlantic); young near the coast, adults on the continental slope specially over muddy bottoms. Omnivorous, but feed mainly on crustaceans, mollusks, worms and small fish. Protandric hermaphrodites, become females at 20-30 cm length. Adults move towards the coast up to the edge of the continental shelf to spawn from January to June (Ref. 3688). Important foodfish. Marketed fresh and frozen; consumed pan-fried, broiled and baked (Ref. 9987).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Protandric hermaphrodite species (male during its first sexual maturity). Becomes female between 2 and 7 years of age. Spawns from January to June, depending on latitude. Egg size 1.19 mm, larval length at hatching 3.7 mm. Simultaneous hermaphroditism is also suggested for this species (Ref. 103751).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator | Medewerkers

Bauchot, M.-L. and J.-C. Hureau, 1990. Sparidae. p. 790-812. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3688)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 123251)

  Bijna bedreigd (NT) ; Date assessed: 17 August 2009

CITES (Ref. 123416)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless





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Visserij: commercieel; vis voor de hengelsport: ja
FAO - Aquacultuur: production; Visserij: landings; Publication: search | FIRMS - Stock assessments | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 6.9 - 14.9, mean 11.2 °C (based on 160 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5156   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.01014 - 0.01300), b=3.03 (3.00 - 3.06), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.6 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 8.7 (6.8 - 10.8) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 16 growth studies.
Weerstandsvermogen (Ref. 120179):  Gemiddeld, minimale populatieverdubbelingstijd 1,4-4,4 jaar (K=0.09-0.1; tmax=15; tm=4-5; Fec=70,000).
Prior r = 0.54, 95% CL = 0.36 - 0.82, Based on 4 stock assessments.
Kwetsbaarheid (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (57 of 100) .
Prijsklasse (Ref. 80766):   Medium.
Nutrients (Ref. 124155):  Calcium = 40.1 [19.3, 76.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.152 [0.093, 0.244] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.9 [18.8, 20.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.686 [0.454, 1.059] g/100g ; Selenium = 58.5 [32.3, 101.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 8.73 [1.84, 50.03] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.288 [0.205, 0.402] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.