Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Nanochromis: Latin, nannus = small + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Roberts & Stewart.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical; 20°N - 15°N
Africa: lower Congo River rapids near Inga, in Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 42510). Possibly also in the Cuvette Centrale (Ref. 52307).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5666)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Diagnosis: broad black band on outer edge of anal fin (especially in the much-smaller females); anterior dorsal fin rays extremely short, sometimes barely visible, more elongated in posterior portion; caudal fin in males somewhat lanceolate, although upper parts may possess elongated rays, giving it a lobe-like appearance; caudal fin more rounded in females; dorsal, anal and pelvic fin rays can be extremely elongated in males (Ref. 52307).
Coloration: body bluish-gray, sometimes turquoise in the most anterior parts; snout, throat and breast slightly orange in some specimens; males with dark margins on body scales and well-developed rows of maculae on dorsal, anal and most of the caudal fin (save for the thin white margin on the upper edge); ripe females with red to violet belly that becomes extremely swollen immediately prior to spawning; large, white genital papilla always visible (Ref. 52307).
Cave-spawner (Ref. 52307).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Daget, J., 1991. Nanochromis. p. 270-273. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5666)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .