Paranthias colonus (Valenciennes, 1846)

Pacific creole-fish
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Paranthias colonus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Paranthias colonus (Pacific creole-fish)
Paranthias colonus
Picture by Randall, J.E.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) 鱸形目 (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) 鮨科 (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Paranthias: Greek, para = in the side of, near + Greek, anthis = a fish, Sparus aurata (Ref. 45335).  More on author: Valenciennes.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 10 - 70 m (Ref. 5222).   熱帶; 33°N - 4°S, 115°W - 77°W (Ref. 5222)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Peru, including the Revillagigedo, Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, and Malpelo islands.
東太平洋: 加州灣到祕魯, 包括雷維拉吉哥多島,加拉巴哥島,克利珀頓島,可可島與 Malpelo 島。

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.6 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 5592)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 9; 背的软条 (总数): 18-21; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 9 - 11. Distinguished by the following characteristics: reddish or reddish grey body color with 2-3 bright blue or violet spots on dorsal part of body and another 2 on midlateral part of caudal peduncle; pectoral-fin axil with bright blue spot; dorsal fin base darker, fin margin reddish green; depth of body contained 2.9-3.4 times in SL; head length 3.2-4.0 times in SL; convex interorbital area; subangular preopercle with shallow notch, vertical edge and rear half of lower edge finely serrate; subequal posterior and anterior nostrils (Ref. 89707).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found typically in small aggregations well above the reef, but will retreat to the reef at the approach of danger. Feeds mainly on small planktonic animals picked individually from the water, made possible by their shortened snout which facilitates close-range binocular vision. Excellent source of bait (Ref. 9342).

发现典型地形成小群鱼群在相当上面距离礁, 但是将在危险接近时撤退到礁。 主要吃个别地被挑选的小浮游性动物从水中, 藉着促进近距离双眼的视野的他们的被变短的吻制造可能。 诱饵的优良来源.(参考文献 9342)

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

東太平洋: 加州灣到祕魯, 包括雷維拉吉哥多島,加拉巴哥島,克利珀頓島,可可島與 Malpelo 島。

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Heemstra, Phillip C. | 合作者

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 120744)

  最不相关 (LC) ; Date assessed: 09 December 2016

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  有雪卡鱼毒中毒的报导 (Ref. 30911)





人类利用

渔业: 自给性渔业; 诱饵: usually
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 18.5 - 28.9, mean 25.9 (based on 76 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.7500   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00524 - 0.02518), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
营养阶层 (Ref. 69278):  3.8   ±0.59 se; Based on food items.
回复力 (Ref. 69278):  中等的, 族群倍增时间最少 1.4 - 4.4年 (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
脆弱性 (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .
价格分类 (Ref. 80766):   Very high.